2019全國3卷高考英語試題及答案解析

編輯: 逍遙路 關鍵詞: 高中英語 來源: 高中學習網

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絕密★啟用前

2019年普通高等學校招生全國統一考試(全國卷III)

英 語

注意事項:

1.答卷前,考生務必將自己的姓名、準考證號填寫在答題卡上。

2.回答選擇題時,選出每小題答案后,用鉛筆把答題卡上對應題目的答案標號涂黑。如需改動,用橡皮擦干凈后,再選涂其他答案標號。回答非選擇題時,將答案寫在答題卡上,寫在本試卷上無效。

3.考試結束后,將本試卷和答題卡一并交回。

第一部分 聽力(共兩節,滿分30分)

做題時,先將答案標在試卷上。錄音內容結束后,你將有兩分鐘的時間將試卷上的答案轉涂到答題卡上。

第一節 (共5小題;每小題1.5分,滿分7.5分)

聽下面5段對話。每段對話后有一個小題,從題中所給的A、B、C三個選項中選出最佳選項。聽完每段對話后,你都有10秒鐘的時間來回答有關小題和閱讀下一小題。每段對話僅讀一遍。

例:How much is the shirt?

A. 19.15. B. 9.18. C. 9.15.

答案是C。

第一節 (共5小題;每小題1.5分,滿分7.5分)

聽下面5段對話。每段對話后有一個小題,從題中所給的A、B、C三個選項中選出最佳選項。聽完每段對話后,你都有10秒鐘的時間來回答有關小題和閱讀下一小題。每段對話僅讀一遍。

例:How much is the shirt?

A. 19.15. B. 9.18. C. 9.15.

答案是C。

1. Where does the conversation probably take place?

A. In a library. B. In a bookstore. C. In a classroom.

2. How does the woman feel now?

A. Relaxed. B. Excited. C. Tired.

3. How much will the man pay?

A. $520. B. $80. C. $100.

4. What does the man tell Jane to do?

A. Postpone his appointment. B. Meet Mr. Douglas. C. Return at 3 o’clock.

5. Why would David quit his job?

A. To go back to school. B. To start his own firm. C. To work for his friend.

第二節(共15小題;每小題1.5分,滿分22.5分)

聽下面5段對話或獨白。每段對話或獨白后有幾個小題,從題中所給的A、B、C三個選項中選出最佳選項。聽每段對話或獨白前,你將有時間閱讀各個小題,每小題5秒鐘;聽完后,各小題將給出5秒鐘的作答時間。每段對話或獨白讀兩遍。

聽第6段材料,回答第6、7題。

6. What does the man want the woman to do?

A. Check the cupboard. B. Clean the balcony. C. Buy an umbrella.

7. What is the probable relationship between the speakers?

A. Husband and wife.

B. Employer and employee.

C. Shop assistant and customer.

聽第7段材料,回答第8至10題。

8. Where did the woman go at the weekend?

A. The city centre. B. The forest park. C. The man’s home.

9. How did the man spend his weekend?

A. Packing for a move.

B. Going out with Jenny.

C. Looking for a new house.

10. What will the woman do for the man?

A. Take Henry to hospital. B. Stay with his kid. C. Look after his pet.

聽第8段材料,回答第11至13題。

11. What is Mr. Stone doing now?

A. Eating lunch. B. Having a meeting. C. Writing a diary.

12. Why does the man want to see Mr. Stone?

A. To discuss a program. B. To make a travel plan. C. To ask for sick leave.

13. When will the man meet Mr. Stone this afternoon?

A. At 3:00. B. At 3:30. C. At 3:45.

聽第9段材料,回答第14至16題。

14. What are the speakers talking about?

A. A company. B. An interview. C. A job offer.

15. Who is Monica Stansfield?

A. A junior specialist. B. A department manager. C. A sales assistant.

16. When will the man hear from the woman?

A. On Tuesday. B. On Wednesday. C. On Thursday.

聽第10段材料,回答第17至20題。

17. What did John enjoy doing in his childhood?

A. Touring France. B. Playing outdoors. C. Painting pictures.

18. What did John do after he moved to the US?

A. He did business. B. He studied biology. C. He worked on a farm.

19. Why did John go hunting?

A. For food. B. For pleasure. C. For money.

20. What is the subject of John’s works?

A. American birds. B. Natural scenery. C. Family life.

第二部分 閱讀理解(共兩節,滿分40分)

第一節 (共15小題;每小題2分,滿分30分)

閱讀下列短文,從每題所給的A、B、C和D四個選項中,選出最佳選項。

A

OPENINGS AND PREVIEWS

Animals Out of Paper

Yolo!Productions and the Great Griffon present the play by Rajiv Joseph,in which an origami(折紙術)artist invites a teenage talent and his teacher into her studio. Merri Milwe directs. In previews. Opens Feb.12.(West Park Presbyterian Church,165 W.86th St.212-868-4444.)

The Audience

Helen Mirren stars in the play by Peter Morgan,about Queen Elizabeth II of the UK and her private meetings with twelve Prime Ministers in the course of sixty years. Stephen Daldry directs. Also starring Dylan Baker and

Judith Ivey. Previews begin Feb.14.(Schoenfeld,236 W.45th St.212-239-6200.)

Hamilton

Lin-Manuel Miranda wrote this musical about Alexander Hamilton,in which the birth of America is presented as an immigrant story. Thomas Kail directs. In previews. Opens Feb.17.(Public,425 Lafayette St.212-967-7555.)

On the Twentieth Century

Kristin Chenoweth and Peter Gallagher star in the musical comedy by Betty Comden and Adolph Green,about a Broadway producer who tries to win a movie star's love during a cross-country train journey. Scott Ellis directs,for Roundabout Theatre Company. Previews begin Feb.12.(American Airlines Theatre,227 W.42nd St.212-719-1300.)

21. What is the play by Rajiv Joseph probably about?.

A.A type of art. B.A teenager's studio.

C.A great teacher. D.A group of animals.

22. Who is the director of The Audience?

A. Helen Mirren. B. Peter Morgan.

C. Dylan Baker. D. Stephen Daldry.

23. Which play will you go to if you are interested in American history?

A. Animals Out of Paper. B. The Audience.

C. Hamilton. D. On the Twentieth Century.

B

For Western designers, China and its rich culture have long been an inspiration for Western creative.

"It's no secret that China has always been a source(來源)of inspiration for designers," says Amanda Hill, chief creative officer at A+E Networks, a global media company and home to some of the biggest fashion(時尚)shows.

Earlier this year, the China Through A Looking Glass exhibition in New York exhibited 140 pieces of China-inspired fashionable clothing alongside Chinese works of art, with the aim of exploring the influence of Chinese aesthetics(美學)on Western fashion and how China has fueled the fashionable imagination for centuries. The exhibition had record attendance, showing that there is huge interest in Chinese influences.

"China is impossible to overlook," says Hill. "Chinese models are the faces of beauty and fashion campaigns that sell dreams to women all over the world, which means Chinese women are not just consumers of fashion — they are central to its movement. "Of course, only are today's top Western designers being influenced by China-some of the best designers of contemporary fashion are themselves Chinese." Vera Wang, Alexander Wang,

Jason Wu are taking on Galiano, Albaz, Marc Jacobs-and beating them hands down in design and sales," adds Hil.

For Hill, it is impossible not to talk about China as the leading player when discussing fashion. "The most famous designers are Chinese, so are the models, and so are the consumers," she says. "China is no longer just another market; in many senses it has become the market. If you talk about fashion today, you are talking about China-its influences, its direction, its breathtaking clothes, and how young designers and models are finally acknowledging that in many ways."

24.What can we learn about the exhibition in New York?

A. It promoted the sales of artworks. B. It attracted a large number of visitors.

C. It showed ancient Chinese clothes. D. It aimed to introduce Chinese models.

25.What does Hill say about Chinese women?

A. They are setting the fashion. B. They start many fashion campaigns.

C. They admire super models. D. They do business all over the world.

26.What do the underlined words "taking on" in paragraph 4 mean?

A. learning from B. looking down on C. working with D. competing against

27.What can be a suitable title for the text?

A. Young Models Selling Dreams to the World

B.A Chinese Art Exhibition Held in New York

C. Differences Between Eastern and Western Aesthetics

D. Chinese Culture Fueling International Fashion Trends

C

Before the 1830s,most newspapers were sold through annual subscriptions in America, usually $8 to $10 a year. Today $8 or $10 seems a small amount of money, but at that time these amounts were forbidding to most citizens. Accordingly, newspapers were read almost only by rich people in politics or the trades. In addition, most newspapers had little in them that would appeal to a mass audience. They were dull and visually forbidding. But the revolution that was taking place in the 1830s would change all that.

The trend, then, was toward the "penny paper"-a term referring to papers made widely available to the public. It meant any inexpensive newspaper; perhaps more importantly it meant newspapers that could be bought in single copies on the street.

This development did not take place overnight. It had been possible(but not easy)to buy single copies of newspapers before 1830,but this usually meant the reader had to go down to the printer's office to purchase a copy.

Street sales were almost unknown. However, within a few years, street sales of newspapers would be commonplace in eastern cities. At first the price of single copies was seldom a penny-usually two or three cents was charged-and some of the older well-known papers charged five or six cents. But the phrase "penny paper " caught the public's fancy, and soon there would be papers that did indeed sell for only a penny.

This new trend of newspapers for "the man on the street" did not begin well. Some of the early ventures(企業)were immediate failures. Publishers already in business, people who were owners of successful papers, had little desire to change the tradition. It took a few youthful and daring businessmen to get the ball rolling.

28.Which of the following best describes newspapers in America before the 1830s?

A. Academic. B. Unattractive. C. Inexpensive. D. Confidential.

29.What did street sales mean to newspapers?

A. They would be priced higher. B. They would disappear from cities.

C. They could have more readers. D. They could regain public trust.

30.Who were the newspapers of the new trend targeted at?

A. Local politicians. B. Common people.

C. Young publishers. D. Rich businessmen.

31.What can we say about the birth of the penny paper?

A. It was a difficult process. B. It was a temporary success.

C. It was a robbery of the poor. D. It was a disaster for printers.

D

Monkeys seem to have a way with numbers.

A team of researchers trained three Rhesus monkeys to associate 26 clearly different symbols consisting of numbers and selective letters with 0-25 drops of water or juice as a reward. The researchers then tested how the monkeys combined—or added—the symbols to get the reward.

Here's how Harvard Medical School scientist Margaret Livingstone, who led the team, described the experiment: In their cages the monkeys were provided with touch screens. On one part of the screen, a symbol would appear, and on the other side two symbols inside a circle were shown. For example, the number 7 would flash on one side of the screen and the other end would have 9 and 8. If the monkeys touched the left side of the screen they would be rewarded with seven drops of water or juice; if they went for the circle, they would be rewarded with the sum of the numbers—17 in this example.

After running hundreds of tests, the researchers noted that the monkeys would go for the higher values more

than half the time, indicating that they were performing a calculation, not just memorizing the value of each combination.

When the team examined the results of the experiment more closely, they noticed that the monkeys tended to underestimate(低估)a sum compared with a single symbol when the two were close in value—sometimes choosing, for example, a 13 over the sum of 8 and 6. The underestimation was systematic: When adding two numbers, the monkeys always paid attention to the larger of the two, and then added only a fraction(小部分)of the smaller number to it.

"This indicates that there is a certain way quantity is represented in their brains, "Dr. Livingstone says. “But in this experiment what they're doing is paying more attention to the big number than the little one.”

32. What did the researchers do to the monkeys before testing them?

A. They fed them. B. They named them.

C. They trained them. D. They measured them.

33. How did the monkeys get their reward in the experiment?

A. By drawing a circle. B. By touching a screen.

C. By watching videos. D. By mixing two drinks.

34. What did Livingstone's team find about the monkeys?

A. They could perform basic addition. B. They could understand simple words.

C. They could memorize numbers easily. D. They could hold their attention for long.

35. In which section of a newspaper may this text appear?

A. Entertainment. B. Health. C. Education. D. Science.

第二節 (共5小題;每小題2分,滿分10分)

根據短文內容,從短文后的選項中選出能填入空白處的最佳選項。選項中有兩項為多余選項。

In an online class, developing healthy patterns of communication with professors is very important. 36 While I have only listed two of each, there are obviously many other situations that can arise. Students should be able to extend the logic(邏輯)of each to their particular circumstance.

Do's

37 Questions about subject content are generally welcomed. Before asking questions about the course design, read the syllabus(教學大綱)and learning management system information to be sure the answer isn't hiding in plain sight.

Participate in discussion forums(論壇), blogs and other open-ended forums for dialogue. 38 Be

sure to stay on topic and not offer irrelevant information. Make a point, and make it safe for others to do the same.

Don'ts

Don't share personal information or stories. Professors are not trained nurses, financial aid experts or your best friends. If you are in need of a deadline extension, simply explain the situation to the professor. 39

Don't openly express annoyance at a professor or class. 40 When a student attacks a professor on the social media, the language used actually says more about the student. If there is truly a concern about a professor's professionalism or ability, be sure to use online course evaluations to calmly offer your comments.

A. That's what they are for.

B. Turn to an online instructor for help.

C. If more information is needed, they will ask.

D. Remember that online professors get a lot of emails.

E. Below are some common do's and don' ts for online learners.

F. Everyone has taken a not-so-great class at one time or another.

G. Ask questions, but make sure they are good, thoughtful questions.

第三部分 語言知識運用(共兩節,滿分45分)

第一節 (共20小題;每小題1.5分,滿分30分)

閱讀下面短文,從短文后各題所給的A、B、C和D四個選項中,選出可以填入空白處的最佳選項。

The small town of Rjukan in Norway is situated between several mountains and does not get direct sunlight from late September to mid-March- 41 six months out of the year.

Of course, we 42 it when the sun is shining," says Karin Ro, who works for the town’s tourism office. “We see the sky is 43 , but down in the valley it’s darker — it’s like on a 44 day.”

But that 45 when a system of high-tech 46 was introduced to reflect sunlight from neighboring peaks(山峰)into the valley below. Wednesday, residents(居民)of Rjukan 47 their very first ray of winter sunshine: A row of reflective boards on a nearby mountainside were put to 48 . The mirrors are controlled by a computer that 49 them to turn along with the sun throughout the 50 and to close during windy weather. They reflect a concentrated beam(束)of light onto the town’s central 51 , creating an area of sunlight roughly 600 square meters. When the light 52 , Rjukan residents gathered together.

“People have been 53 there and standing there and taking 54 of each other," Ro says. "The town square was totally 55 . I think almost all the people in the town were there. "The 3,500 residents cannot all 56 the sunshine at the same time. 57 , the new light feels like more than enough for the town’s 58

residents.

"It's not very 59 ,” she says, "but it is enough when we are 60 .”

41. A. only B. obviously C. nearly D. precisely

42. A. fear B. believe C. hear D. notice

43. A. empty B. blue C. high D. wide

44. A. cloudy B. normal C. different D. warm

45. A. helped B. changed C. happened D. mattered

46. A. computers B. telescopes C. mirrors D. cameras

47. A. remembered B. forecasted C. received D. imagined

48. A. repair B. risk C. rest D. use

49. A. forbids B. directs C. predicts D. follows

50. A. day B. night C. month D. year

51. A. library B. hall C. square D. street

52. A. appeared B. returned C. faded D. stopped

53. A. driving B. hiding C. camping D. siting

54. A. pictures B. notes C. care D. hold

55. A. new B. full C. flat D. silent

56. A. block B. avoid C. enjoy D. store

57. A. Instead B. However C. Gradually D. Similarly

58. A. nature-loving B. energy-saving C. weather-beaten D. sun-starved

59. A. big B. clear C. cold D. easy

60. A. trying B. waiting C. watching D. sharing

第二節 (共10小題;每小題1.5分,滿分15分)

閱讀下面短文,在空白處填入1個適當的單詞或括號內單詞的正確形式。

On our way to the house,it was raining 61 hard that we couldn't help wondering how long it would take 62 (get)there. It was in the middle of Pearl City.

We were first greeted with the barking by a pack 63 dogs,seven to be exact. They were well trained by their masters 64 had great experience with caring for these animals. Our hosts shared many of their experiences and

65 (recommend)wonderful places to eat,shop,and visit. For breakfast,we were able to eat papaya(木瓜)and other fruits from their trees in the backyard.

When they were free from work,they invited us to local events and let us know of an interesting 66 (compete)to watch,together with the story behind it. They also shared with us many 67 (tradition)stories about Hawaii that were 68 (huge)popular with tourists. On the last day of our week-long stay,we 69 (invite)to attend a private concert on a beautiful farm on the North Shore under the stars, 70 (listen)to musicians and meeting interesting locals.

第四部分 寫作(共兩節,滿分35分)

第一節 短文改錯(共10小題;每小題1分,滿分10分)

假定英語課上老師要求同桌之間交換修改作文,請你修改你同桌寫的以下作文。文中共有10處語言錯誤,每句中最多有兩處。每處錯誤僅涉及一個單詞的增加、刪除或修改。

增加:在缺詞處加一個漏字符號(∧),并在其下面寫出該加的詞。

刪除:把多余的詞用斜線(\)劃掉。

修改:在錯的詞下劃一橫線,并在該詞下面寫出修改后的詞。

注意:

1.每處錯誤及其修改均僅限一詞;

2.只允許修改10處,多者(從第11處起)不計分。

I've had many dreams since I was a child. Now my dream is to opens a cafe. Though it may appear simple, it required a lot of ideas and efforts. What I want is not just an ordinarily cafe but a very special one. I want my cafe have a special theme such as like "Tang Dynasty". In the cafe, customers will enjoy yourselves in the historical environment what is created for them. If I succeed in manage one, I will open more. I wish to have a chain of cafes in many different city. Each of my cafes will have a different theme and an unique style.

第二節 書面表達(滿分25分)

假定你是李華,你校將舉辦音樂節。請寫封郵件邀請你的英國朋友Allen參加,內容包括:

1.時間;

2.活動安排;

3.歡迎他表演節目。

注意:

1.詞數100左右;

2.可以適當增加細節,以使行文連貫。

2019年普通高等學校招生全國統一考試(全國卷III)

英語

A.

【文章大意】本文為一篇應用文,介紹了四個戲劇或歌劇的開幕時間以及相關內容。

21. A【解析:考查細節理解。由題目關鍵詞Rajiv Joseph得出從Animals Out of Paper中第二句可知,本劇主要介紹折紙術,是一門藝術,因此選A。】

22. D【解析:考查細節理解。由題目關鍵詞director可知,從The Audience中找到"Stephen Daldry directs", 因此選D。】

23. C【解析:考查細節理解。根據文中"Alexander Hamilton,in which the birth of America is presented as an immigrant story. " 可知,本劇是關于美國歷史的,與題目相符。】

B.

【文章大意】文章議論了中國美學對世界時尚界的影響,由在紐約舉辦的展覽引出討論。

24.B【解析:考查細節理解。由題干中關鍵詞"the exhibition in New York " 可定位到文章第三段,由本段最后一句可知,此次展覽吸引了很多人來參觀。選項A并未提及, 展覽主要展出時尚衣服,因此選項C不符,選項D并未提及。】

25.A【解析:考查細節理解。根據Hill說的話,定位文章第四段第二句可知中國女人不止是時尚的消費者,同時也在改寫時尚。因此選A。】

26.D【解析:考查詞義猜測。由詞句句意可知,中國設計師與歐美設計師形成競爭的關系,A選項為“向…學習”,B選項為“看不起(某人),輕視”,C選項為“與…在一起干”, 只有D選項“與…抗爭”符合語境。】

27.D【解析:考查標題判斷。文章主要闡述了中國文化對世界時尚的影響,D選項符合。文章并未提及東西方美學的區別,選項C并未提及。】

C.

【文章大意】本文介紹了十九世紀三十年代美國報紙的一次重要變革,使報紙變得大眾化,更適合大眾。

28.B【解析:考查推理判斷。根據題干"before 1830s "定位文章第一段,由第二句"most newspapers had little in them that would appeal to a mass audience "可知,那時候的報紙并不吸引人,選項B為"不吸引人的"符合。 A為"學院的,學究的", C為"不貴的", D為"機密的,秘密的",均與題目不符。】

29.C【解析:考查細節理解。根據文章第二段可知,由于street sales的出現,導致報紙成本降低,因此購買報紙的讀者變得更多。 A選項與段意相反,B、D選項無中生有。因此選擇C,擁有更多的讀者。】

30. B【解析:考查推理判斷。根據文章二、三段可知,此次變革目標人群是大眾,為了讓報紙大眾化,因此選擇B選項。】

31. A【解析:考查推理判斷。由題干"the birth of the penny paper"定位文章最后一段,由第一句"did not begin well"可知,變革過程并不順利,選項A符合。這個過程并不是一個短暫的成功,選項B錯誤。 報紙便宜了,并非是對窮人的搶劫, 選項C錯誤。這個變革并沒有對打印機造成影響,選項D不符。】

D.

【文章大意】本文是一篇新聞報道,主介紹了Margaret Livingstone 的實驗過程及結果。該實驗介紹了猴子和數字的關系。

32. C【解析:由于本次實驗需要猴子觸碰屏幕,所以在開始實驗前應訓練猴子能觸碰屏幕的能力,選項C符合題意。 其他選項均不符合。】

33. B【解析:考查細節理解。由文章第三段最后一句,"If the monkeys touched the left side of the screen they would be rewarded with seven drops of water or juice; if they ...they would be rewarded with the sum of the numbers—17 in this example "可知, 猴子通過觸碰屏幕來獲得獎勵】

34. A【解析:考查推理判斷。本題為實驗發現,由文章第四段"they were performing a calculation, not just memorizing the value of each combination"可知,猴子可以做基本的加法。 選項B中"simple word"文章中并未提及,選項C 中"easily" 與文章不符, 選項D 并未提及。】

35. D【解析:考查主旨大意。本篇文章講述的社會科學實驗,因此出現在報紙的科學版面,只有選項D符合。 】

第二節:七選五

【文章大意】本文介紹了和在線教授溝通的健康溝通模式,作者從Do's 和 Don'ts兩方面列舉了建議。

36. E【解析:根據后一句listed two of each可知,空處應該提出兩類, 故E選項符合語境。】

37. G【解析:根據下文可知,空處是對于提問的建議,選項G "Ask Question" 與其相呼應。】

38. A【解析:根據前文forums(論壇), blogs and other open-ended forums for dialogue 可知承接上文】

39.C【解析:選項中“they will ask”與前文professors相呼應。 】

40.F【解析:根據前文的annoyance和后文的attacks可知,是對課程不滿意的建議,因此F符合語境。】

完形填空

【文章大意】本文介紹了挪威的一個叫留坎的小鎮,為了解決陽光短缺的問題,而發明的一種高科技鏡子,從而解決人們的困境。

41. C【解析:根據from late September to mid-March判斷,空后是對其的解釋說明,故選nearly,意為“幾乎,差不多”。only“唯一的,僅有的”; obviously“明顯地”;precisely“精確地; 恰好地”。】

42.D【解析:根據語境可知,當陽光出來時,人們會注意到它,故選D,notice,意為“注意,留心”;fear“畏懼; 害怕; 為…憂慮”believe“相信; 以為,認為;”hear“聽到,聽見;”】

43. B【解析:根據下文可知,天是藍色的,故選B。empty“空的”high “高的”wide“寬的”】

44. A【解析:根據前文,but down in the valley it’s darker在山谷里更加的黑暗可知,這種天氣看起來像陰天,故選A。 normal“正常的; 正規的,標準的;”different“不同的”warm“溫暖的”】

45. B【解析:由空前but可知轉折,因此選擇和現狀相反的選項,B項change“改變”,help“幫助”,happen“發生”;matter“有重大影響”】

46. C【解析:由下文可知,可以反射太陽光線的是鏡子,因此選擇C,mirrors意為鏡子, computer“電腦”telescope“望遠鏡”;camera“照相機”】

47. C【解析:由后文very first ray of winter sunshine可知,居民們是接收到冬日里的陽光,因此選C,意為“收到,接到”;remember“記得”;forecast“預告”;imagine“想象”。】

48.D【解析:由前文A row of reflective boards on a nearby mountainside可知,反射板被用于反射陽光,側重于應用,故選D,意為“使用”;repair“修理; 糾正”;risk“冒…的危險”;rest“休息; 靜止”。】

49. B【解析:由前文可知,這個鏡子是電腦操控,因此選擇B項,“指示方向; 把…對準”;forbid“禁止; 阻止;”predict“預言,預測”follow“跟隨,接著”。】

50.A【解析:由后文可知,電腦是根據一天太陽的走勢來控制鏡子的,強調的是一天之內,因此選擇A,意為“一天”;night“夜晚”;month“月份”;year“年”。】

51. C【解析:由后文可知陽光照耀的地方600平方米,廣場符合語境,因此選C,意為“中央廣場”;library“圖書館”;hall“過道,走廊”;street“街道”。】

52.A【解析:由后文可知,只有當光線出現的時候,居民聚集在一起,因此選項A, appear正確,意為“出現”;return“返回”;fade“褪去,失去光澤”;stop“停止”。】

53.D.【解析:人們在廣場上的狀態,driving“開車”;hiding“躲藏,隱匿”camping“野營,露營”,sitting“坐著”,只有選項D符合語境。】

54.A【解析:考查短語,take pictures 照相,take notes“記筆記”;take care“照顧”;take hold“奪取; 扎根”。】

55.B【解析:由下一句think almost all the people in the town were there.可知幾乎所有居民都來到了廣場上,因此整個廣場是滿的,選擇B項,意為“滿的,裝滿的”;new“新的”;flat“平的; 單調的”;silent“沉默的,無言的”。】

56.C【解析:由前半句cannot可知,不是所有居民都能享受到陽光,因此選C項,意為“享受”;block“阻止; 阻塞”;avoid“避開,避免”;store“貯存”。】

57.B【解析:由后文可知此處是轉折,因此選擇B,意為“然而”;instead“代替”;gradually“逐步地,漸漸地”similarly“相似地; 類似地”。】

58. D.【由整篇文章可知,Rjukan的居民對陽光都是極度渴望的,只有D項符合語境。】

59.A【解析:后文but可知前后句意相反,意為“雖然陽光面積并不是很大,但是當我們互相分享的適合,就足夠了”,故選A】

60.D【解析:根據前半句可知,居民之間互相分享陽光,因此選D,意為“分享”;try“嘗試”;wait“等待”;watch“觀看”。】

語法填空:

61. so【解析:so...that固定搭配,意為“如此……以致于……”】

62. to get【解析:不定式表示目的】

63. of【解析:短語a pack of,意為“一群”】

64. who【解析:定語從句,先行詞masters指人,因此用who】

65. recommended【解析:and連接兩個并列的句子,前后時態一致】

66. competition 【解析:考查名詞形式】

67. traditional【解析:考查形容詞形式】

68. hugely 【解析:副詞修飾形容詞】

69. were invited 【解析:“我們被邀請”,考查被動語態】

70. listening【解析:現在分詞作伴隨狀語】

改錯:

71. open改為open【解析:to后面接動詞原形】

72.required改為requires【解析:前后時態一直,應為一般現在時】

73.cafe后加to【解析:want to固定搭配】

74.ordinarily改為ordinary【解析:應用形容詞修飾名詞cafe】

75.like去掉【解析:such as固定搭配,沒有like】

76.yourselves改為themselves【解析:代指前文的customers,因此用themselves】

77.what改為that/which【解析:定語從句,先行詞environment,因此用that/which】

78.manage改為managing【解析:succeed in doing固定搭配】

79.city改為cities【解析:前文many可知用復數】

80.an改為a【解析:unique輔音開頭,用a】

作文:

考查郵件書寫形式,切記形式格式正確;同時讀清題意,內容全面,不要丟點;且字數要夠,注意書寫,不要勾摸。建議考生在寫完后通讀一遍,查缺補漏。


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